Farmer-centred seed multiplication and business model for rice and greengram is developed and tested. This is led by NARO with support from WOUGNET and Makerere University. It involves the following activities;
Activity 1: Formation and training of farmer groups to participate in testing the model. Farmer groups comprising 15-20 members are identified, trained and organized into community seed producers. Each group will identify one farmer to host adaptation trials for at least one season. Participating farmer groups are trained on quality seed production and conservation including crop agronomy, effective pest management practices, harvesting and post-harvest handling, seed packaging and sale.
Activity 2: Establishment of demonstration plots for training purposes. Three demonstration plots within each district are established to serve as learning centres or“classrooms” in farmers’ fields during the adaptation phase. The foundation seeds planted in the demonstration plots are provided by NARO as part of its contribution. Demonstrations are owned and managed by farmers with supervision of the research teams and local extension officers.
Activity 3: Establishment of seed multiplication and business model.
Trained community seed producers are organized into clusters of 10 farmer groups per site. A community seed bank is established where quality seeds are collected and stored. Farmers are trained on use of local materials to package seeds in small packs of 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 Kg to address affordability, store and preserve the seed. This model is introduced and tested for three seasons and its impact on access to quality seed monitored and assessed in fourth season.
Activity 4: Establishment of local M&E committee to manage seed multiplication and business. Local monitoring and evaluation committee will be established and trained at each project district. Committee members is selected from each farmer group and tasked to manage and oversee the process of seed production and distribution.